Sexual dysfunctions may be characterized as a disturbance of sexual desire, arousal, or orgasm; sexual pain; or difficulties with sexual performance. Causes may be mental or physical and can result in an individual’s inability to fully enjoy sexual intercourse. In men, sexual dysfunctions may manifest as reduced sexual desire, premature or delayed ejaculation, impotence, or painful intercourse. In women, sexual dysfunctions may manifest as reduced sexual desire, inadequate lubrication, difficulty or inability to achieve orgasm, or painful intercourse. Because sexual dysfunctions may be related to a medical condition, medication, or substance abuse, the adequate medical workup is imperative before the initiation of treatment.